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Saturday, October 1, 2022

Get to know all about prostate cancer and the tests to be done

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The most common types of cancer. Many prostate cancers are slow-growing and only affect the prostate gland, where they are unlikely to cause significant harm. Some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and require little or no treatment, whereas others are aggressive and spread quickly. Older age, a family history of prostate cancer, and race are all risk factors for prostate cancer, it is important to get to know through Prostate Cancer Tests.

What is prostate cancer?

This develops when cells in the prostate gland begin to proliferate uncontrollably and it only happens to men. Some of the fluid present in sperm is produced by it.

The prostate is located beneath the bladder and ahead of the rectum. The majority of the fluid for sperm is produced by seminal vesicles, which are located just behind the prostate. The urethra, the tube that drains urine and sperm from the body through the penis, passes through the prostate’s center.

Types of prostate cancer

The most frequent kind of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma. Prostate cancer can also be caused by other types of cancer:

  • Small cell carcinomas
  • Neuroendocrine tumors 
  • Transitional cell carcinomas
  • Sarcomas

Diagnosing 

  • Ultrasound.

A tiny probe the size and shape of a cigar are put into the rectum during transrectal ultrasonography. The probe uses sound waves to build a picture of the prostate gland.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

The doctor may recommend an MRI scan of the prostate in some cases to get a more detailed view. These scans to assist arrange treatment to remove prostate tissue samples.

Collecting a sample of prostate tissue

During a prostate biopsy, a tiny needle is inserted into the prostate to retrieve tissue. The tissue sample is tested in a laboratory to discover if cancer cells are present.

Screening tests

Prostate screening tests might include:

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE)-The doctor uses a gloves, lubricated finger to inspect the prostate, which is next to the rectum, during a DRE.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test- PSA, a chemical produced naturally by the prostate gland, is measured in a blood sample taken from a vein in the arm. It’s normal to have a trace quantity of PSA in the blood. A higher-than-normal level, on the other hand, could suggest prostate infection, inflammation, hypertrophy, or malignancy.

Determining whether prostate cancer is aggressive

When a biopsy confirms the presence of cancer, the following step is to assess the cancer cells’ aggressiveness. A doctor examines a sample of cancer cells in a lab to see how different cancer cells are from healthy cells. A higher grade suggests a malignancy that is more aggressive and likely to spread quickly.

The following are some of the methods used to determine cancer’s aggressiveness:

  • Gleason score- The Gleason score is the most frequent measure for determining the grade of prostate cancer cells. A score of six suggests that prostate cancer is in its early stages. A score of seven suggests that prostate cancer is of medium severity. High-grade malignancies are indicated by scores of eight to ten.
  • Genomic testing- Genomic testing examines prostate cancer cells to see if there are any gene abnormalities. This test can provide with more information regarding prognosis.

Prostate cancer is a common malignancy in males, however it can be successfully treated if detected early. It all starts with the prostate gland, which is placed between the penis as well as the bladder. The most effective technique for detecting prostate cancer by doing Pruebas de cáncer de próstata in its early stages is regular screening. Anyone who hasn’t had a screening yet should speak with a doctor about their options.

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